Naqsh-e Rostam

Also known as: Rustam Relief, Naqsh-e Rustam necropolis, Naqš-i Rustam

Rock Tombs

Naqsh-e Rostam is an ancient site northwest of Persepolis. It is seen as a royal necropolis where four Achaemenid and Sassanid kings have been laid to rest. The graves carved out of a huge cliff are said to belong to Darius II, Artaxerxes I, Darius I and Xerxes I. The royal tombs were looted during the invasion of Alexander the Great who toppled the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BC.


Ancient Bas-Reliefs

There are several bas-reliefs in the Naqsh-e Rostam archeological site. The oldest one can be dated back to the Elamite era, 1000 BC. There are also reliefs from Achaemenid and Sassanid dynasties depicting scenes from more than two-thousand years ago.


Shrouded in Mystery

"Ka'ba-ye Zartosht" which literally means "Cube of Zoroaster" is a stone structure lying at the foot of the cliff. The tower-like monument is similar to the tomb of Cyrus the Great in Pasargadae and dates back to the Achaemenid era (5th century BC).  Unlike its name, many scholars believe it has nothing to do with Zoroastrianism and is indeed a royal Archaemenid tomb.


Royal Peace

The royal cemetery is very quiet and peaceful indeed, making it a perfect place to enjoy the amazing works of art carved into the rock and the tons of history trapped in the middle of the rocks!

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