Mount Sahand

Also known as: Heramdagh, Sahand Summit

The bride of Iranian mountains is a dormant volcano since a long time ago. The mountain wrinkles, go back to the Tertiary Geology Period, while erosions on its peak and becoming a volcano is attributed to the Quaternary Geology Period. Fossils aging six to nine millenniums are found on its skirts.

Sahand consists of seventeen peaks over 3000 meters high, as the results of geological destructions, erosions, and volcanic eruptions. Sahand summit, known as Heramdagh (3600 meters tall) and Jaam (3650 meters tall) are two main summits of the region, while Ghouch Gali Dagh, is the tallest one, at 3707 meters above the sea level. Sahand is a cold region with mild summer and dry cold and long winter. Several rivers are rising in this range, flowing to Urmia Lake, westbound and Mazandaran Lake (Caspian) eastbound. 156 herb species are found there so far, including 26 endemics. The dominant herbal coverage of the region is Astraglus SPP, but when it comes to fauna, Armenian Sheep and Eurasian Lynx are the main species.

Sahand is always snow covered and is known as Bride Mountain, because of its skirts entirely covered with wild flowers. Its rich pastures and greenery have made it a favorite summer habitat for major nomads of southern East Azarbaijan Province. They do bee keeping, husbandry and plantation in the surrounding valleys. Diary and honey products of the region enjoy good reputation, as the outcome of fruitful and quality work of nomads. We recommend you strongly not to miss these natural items when you are in this region.

To climb Sahand, there are three directions, eastern, northern and southern. The latter is the shortest and easiest.

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