Metal Artwork from Achaemenid Period

Achaemenid (550-330 BC) art has been formed on basis of the art system of this organized and integrated empire and its values. This integrity is seen on the remains of motives, artifacts and architectural decorative items of that time. In the anceint persia, Art has reached its peak during Achemenids and this is because of cultural influence of different ethnic groups, including Egyptians, Aturayas, Medes, Urartus, Manneas, Sakas, Elamites and Indians.

Some indicative items of this era are calligraphic works, discovered in Hamedan, Jeyhoon and Apadana palace. Acaheminid Empire has been stretched to Egypt and Eastern Europe west bound, and to India east bound, and many kinds of metals were brought to the capital city from around the empire, causing this art advance considerably. The glory of metalwork in this time is seen in casting, hammer work and engraved works, appearing in their full beauty on golden and silver tablets, pots, jars, plates, weapons, coins and jewelries decorated with precious stones.

The motives on the vessels are mainly figures of lion, cow, goat, blossoms of lotus, as well as palm leaves. Figures of animals drawn on the vessels, are rooted in religious and mythical beliefs of those generations. As an instance, some people believed that drinking in a rhyton with drawing of a strong animal on it, will transfer the power and strengths of that animal to the drinker. Some flat rim cups are among the artworks discovered in the territory of Achaemenid empire. These drinking cups are shallow and similar to today’s plates. One of these beautiful items which is shown on above image is a golden plate  with two lions on it. It dates back to 5th-4th century B.C. and currently is kept in Reza Abbasi Museum.

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